Cells that mutate unnaturally are the cause of cancer. In 2018, there has been an estimated burden of 18.1 million new cases of cancer and 9.6 million deaths according to Globocan estimates with over 1 million diagnoses in the United States. According to World Health Organization, cancer is the second leading cause of death globally. There have been various initiatives to get people screened and tested for the different types of cancer. There have been campaigns to help people know the importance of early cancer diagnosis and how to manage and live with cancer. The discussion below is to help you know the common types of cancer.
The first common type of cancer is the breast cancer which is prevalent in women but can also be diagnosed in men. Breast cancer is of 3 common types and they include, ductal carcinomas which begins at the milk duct and grow into other body parts, invasive lobular carcinoma which begins at the alveoli and lastly, the inflammatory breast cancer which is not common yet very lethal when one has it, and lumps are not a symptom of diagnosis.
Lung cancer is another top type of cancer, and it is mostly caused by smoking. It mostly affects the bronchus and the lungs. Lung cancer is defined in 3 types, non-small cell carcinoma which may grow on the mucous lining on the airways or at the center of the lung, small cell carcinoma which is mostly caused by smoking and lung carcinoid tumors which may affect the lungs only or may spread to other parts of the body.
Prostate cancer is another type of common cancer. As the name reads, it affects the prostate glands in men. Early diagnosis of prostate cancer is crucial. Early diagnosis of this type of cancer is very crucial, and when noticed at its local stage, it can be treated. The most common type of prostate cancer is adenocarcinoma, and other types include sarcomas, neuroendocrine tumors, small-scale carcinomas, and transitional carcinomas. Men should take the initiative to get tested for this type of cancer because it could save your life.
Colorectal cancer is another common type of cancer which encompasses both rectal and colon cancer. When this type of cancer is discovered in its early stage of development, it can be permanently removed through surgery. The increase in the number of people getting screened for cancer is increasing, and the number of deaths caused by this type of cancer is slowly but gradually decreasing. It is very important to get screened in accordance to your physician’s advice and get early treatment if results come out positive for cancer.